capstan [kap′stən]
[ME < OProv cabestan < ? L capistrum, halter, muzzle < capere, to take: see HAVE]
1. an apparatus, mainly on ships, around which cables or hawsers are wound for hoisting anchors, lifting weights, etc.: it consists of an upright, spool-shaped cylinder that is turned on an inner shafting by machinery or by hand
2. a rotating spindle in a tape recorder mechanism that regulates the speed at which the tape is driven past the head

English World dictionary. . 2014.

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  • Capstan — Cap stan, n. [F. cabestan, fr. Sp. cabestrante, cabrestante, fr. cabestrar to bind with a halter, fr. cabestrohalter, fr. L. capistrum halter, fr. capere to hold (see {Capacious}); or perh. the Spanish is fr. L. caper goat + stans, p. pr. of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Capstan — may refer to:*Capstan (nautical), rotating machine used to control or apply force to another element. *Capstan (tape recorder), rotating spindles used to move recording tape. *Capstan (cigarette), a brand of British also*Rack and… …   Wikipedia

  • Capstan —   [ kæpstən, englisch] der, s/ s, die Antriebswelle von Tonbandgeräten und Videorecordern, bewirkt den direkten Transport und bestimmt die Geschwindigkeit des Bandes, das durch eine Gummirolle (»pitch roller«) an den Capstan gedrückt wird …   Universal-Lexikon

  • capstan — late 14c., from O.Fr. cabestant, from O.Prov. cabestan, from capestre pulley cord, from L. capistrum halter, from capere to hold, take (see CAPABLE (Cf. capable)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • capstan — ► NOUN ▪ a broad revolving cylinder with a vertical axis, used for winding a rope or cable. ORIGIN Provençal cabestan, from Latin capere seize …   English terms dictionary

  • Capstan — Cassettenfach mit Capstan, Andruckrolle, Ton und Löschkopf Ein Capstan (englisch für Spill), auch Tonwelle, ist eine rotierende Welle, die in Kombination mit einer Andruckrolle dazu dient, das Band in einem Bandgerät (Tonbandgerät,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • capstan — /kap steuhn, stan/, n. 1. any of various windlasses, rotated in a horizontal plane by hand or machinery, for winding in ropes, cables, etc. 2. a rotating spindle or shaft, powered by an electric motor, that transports magnetic tape past the heads …   Universalium

  • capstan — UK [ˈkæpstən] / US noun [countable] Word forms capstan : singular capstan plural capstans a round piece of equipment that you turn to wind a heavy rope, especially on a ship or at a port …   English dictionary

  • capstan — noun a) A vertical cleated drum or cylinder, revolving on an upright spindle, and surmounted by a drumhead with sockets for bars or levers. It is much used, especially on shipboard, for moving or raising heavy weights or exerting great power by… …   Wiktionary

  • Capstan — Caps|tan [ kæpstən] der; s, s <aus gleichbed. engl. capstan, dies aus fr. cabestan »(Schiffs)winde«, zu lat. capistrare »anbinden«> Antriebswelle von Tonbandgeräten u. Videorekordern …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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